What drove US GDP to 4.1%?



US GDP shows that the consumer is winning

obama shoppingPresident Barack Obama shops with his daughter, Malia, in Washington. REUTERS/Mary F. Calvert The was a big disappointment.

The economy grew at just a 1.2% annualized rate for the three months ended June 30, less than the 2.5% expected by economists.

But underneath the bad headline is the real story of what's going on in the economy right now, and the story is pretty simple:Consumers are winning.

Personal consumption rose 4.2% in the second quarter of the year, the best reading since the fourth quarter of 2014 and near the best level we've seen since before the financial crisis.

The big drag on Friday's number was the business side of the economy, where nonresidential fixed investment fell 2.3%. This, however, was countered by R&D spending, which rose 4.8%.

Neil Dutta, an economist at Renaissance Macro, noted that R&D spending totaled 1.8% of GDP in Q2, which was a record. This bodes well for future productivity, in Dutta's view.

Another theme that we argued earlier this year would eventually play out — inventory liquidation — also appears to be proceeding apace.

Analysts at Bespoke Investment Group noted on Friday that inventories plunged in the second quarter, providing a drag on the headline GDP figures, while real final sales were up 4.8%.

The simple read here is that people bought lots of stuff that businesses had already purchased. This means that (1) consumers are still clearly willing to spend money, and (2) lots of this stuff was likely bought at a discount.

What's good for consumers is often not great for business.

Elsewhere in economic data on Friday, the latest employment cost index showed that wages continue to rise for US consumers.

The employment cost index — a more comprehensive measure of compensation, including wages and other benefits paid to employees — rose 2.3% over the 12 months ended June 30. Wages, which constitute 70% of this index, were up 2.5%.






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Date: 17.12.2018, 08:27 / Views: 81334